Head: Maëlle MOLMERET
Due to the REACH regulation (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and restriction of CHemicals), new environmentally friendly and non-toxic antifouling strategies are being studied. One of the approaches is to find active molecules which will replace biocides that are currently on the market, with those that can be formulated in paints dedicated to ship hulls.
The success of this strategy requires a good understanding of the mechanisms used by marine microorganisms to adhere and form a biofilm on a surface. The aim is to target mechanisms that are well represented in microorganisms, without being involved in the vital functions of the organism. As microorganisms are most probably the first to colonize an immersed surface, due to their important diversity and abundance in the marine environment, and that they are often the most difficult to eliminate from an inert substratum, they will be our principal experimental focus.
The biological mechanisms that we are investigating are as follows:
Therefore, the objectives are: