Ekomo, V. M.; Branger, C.; Bikanga, R.; Florea, A.-M.; Istamboulie, G.; Calas-Blanchard, C.; Noguer, T.; Sarbu, A.; Brisset, H. Detection of Bisphenol A in Aqueous Medium by Screen Printed Carbon Electrodes Incorporating Electrochemical Molecularly Imprinted Polymers. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2018, 112, 156–161
Electrochemical molecularly imprinted polymers (e-MIPs) were for the first time introduced in screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) as the sensing element for the detection of an organic pollutant. To play this sensing role, a redox tracer was incorporated inside the binding cavities of a cross-linked MIP, as a functional monomer during the synthesis step. Ferrocenylmethyl methacrylate was used for this purpose. It was associated with 4-vinylpyridine as a co-functional monomer and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker for the recognition of the endocrine disruptor, Bisphenol A (BPA), as a target. Microbeads of e-MIP and e-NIP (corresponding non-imprinted polymer) were obtained via precipitation polymerization in acetonitrile. The presence of ferrocene inside the polymers was assessed via FTIR and elemental analysis and the polymers microstructure was characterized by SEM and nitrogen adsorption/desorption experiments. Binding isotherms and batch selectivity experiments evidenced the presence of binding cavities inside the e-MIP and its high affinity for BPA compared to carbamazepine and ketoprofen. e-MIP (and e-NIP) microbeads were then incorporated in a graphite-hydroxyethylcellulose composite paste to prepare SPCE. Electrochemical properties of e-MIP-SPCE revealed a high sensitivity in the presence of BPA in aqueous medium compared to e-NIP-SPCE with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.06 nM. Selectivity towards carbamazepine and ketoprofen was also observed with the e-MIP-SPCE.