Minimum Film Forming Temperature Bar (RHOPOINT INSTRUMENT - MFFTB)
The "minimum film forming temperature" has been described as "the minimum temperature at which a water-borne synthetic latex or emulsion will coalesce when laid on a substrate as a thin film. When this process occurs, in the absence of pigmentation or other opacifying materials, a clear transparent film is formed. At lower temperatures than the minimum, a white, powdery, cracked film will result’’.
The minimum film forming temperature is usually closely related to the glass transition temperature (Tg) but not synonymous with it; whilst the Tg may be determined by predicted calculation, the minimum film forming temperature is best determined by the use of a MFFT Bar, the basic principles of which are described in ASTM D2354.